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Kali Linux A to Z Commands
 
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(A)
1. apropos :- Search help manual pages (man-k)
2. apt-get :- Search for and install software packages (Debian)
3. aptitude :- Search for and install software packages (Debian)
4. aspell :- Spell checker
5. awk :- Find and replace text, database sort/validate/index

(B)
1. basename :- Strip directory and suffix from file name (s)
2. bash :- GNU bourne-again shell
3. bc :- Arbitrary precision calculator language
4. bg :- Sent to background
5. break :- Exit from a loop
6. builtin :- Run a shell builtin
7. bzip2 :- Compress or decompress named file (s)
 
(c)
1. cal:- Display a calendar
2. case :- Conditionally perform a command
3. cat :- Concatenate and print (Display) the content of files
4. cd :- Change directory
5. efdisk :- Partition table manipulator for linux
6. chgrp :- Change group ownership
7. chmod :- Change access permission
8. chown :- Change file owner and group
9. chroot :- Run a command with a different root directory
10. chkconfig :- System service (Run level)
11. cksum :- Print CRC checksum and byte counts
12. clear :- To clear terminal screen
13. cmp :- Compare two files
14. comm :- Compare two sorted files line by line
15. command :- Run a command-ignoring shell functions
16. continue :- Resume the next iteration of a loop
17. cp :- Copy one or more files to another location
18. cron :- Daemon to execute scheduled commands
19. crontab :- Schedule a command to run at a later time
20. csplit :- Split a file into context-determined pieces
21. cut :- Divide a file into several parts
 
(D)
1. data :- Display or change the date and time
2. dc :- Desk calculator
3. dd :- Convert and copy a file, write disk headers, boot records
4. ddrescue :- Data recovery tool
5. declare :- Declare variabes and give them attributes
6. df :- Display free disk space
7. diff :- Display the difference between two files
8. diff3 :- Show difference among three files
9. dig :- DNS lookup
10. dir :- Briefly list directory content
11. dircolors :- Colour setup for (ls)
12. dirname :- Convert a full part to just a path
13. dirs :- Display list of remembered directories
14. dmesg :- Print kernel driver messages
15. du :- Estimate file size usage
 
(E)
1. echo:- Display message on screen
2. egrep :- Search file (s) for lines that match an extended expression
3. eject :- Eject removable media
4. enable :- Enable and disable builtin shell commands
5. env :- Environment variables
6. ethtool :- Ethernet card settings
7. eval :- Evalute several commands/arguments
8. erec :- Excute a command
9. exit :- Exit the shell
10. expect :- automate arbitrary applications
11. expand :- Convert tabs to spaces
12. export :- Set an environment variable
13. expr :- Evalute expressions

(F)
1. false :- Do nothing, unsuccessfully
2. fdformate :- Low=level format a floppy disk
3. fdisk :- Partition table manipulator for linux
4. fg :- Send job to foreground
5. fgrep :- Seach file (s) for lines that match a fixed string
6. file :- Determine file type
7. find :- Search for a file that meet a desired criteria
8. fmt :- Reformat paragraph text
9. fold :- Wrap text to fit a specified width
10. for :- Expand words and execute commands
11. format :- Format disks or tapes
12. free :- Display memory usages
13. fsck :- File system consistency check and repair
14. ftp :- File transfer protocol
15. function :- Define function macros
16. fuser :- Identify or kill the process that is accessing a file

(G)
1. gawk :- Find and replace text within file (s)
2. getapts :- Parse positional parameters
3. grep :- Search file (s) for lines that match a given pattern
4. groupadd :- Add a user security group
5. groupdel :- Delete a group
6. groupmod :- Modify a group
7. groups :- Print group names and users is in
8. gzip :- Compress or decompress named file (s)

(H)
1. hash :- Remember the full path name of a name argument
2. head :- Output the first part of a file (s)
3. help :- Display help for a built-in command
4. history :- Command history
5. hostname :- Print or set system name

(I)
1. iconv :- Convert the character set of a file
2. id :- Print user and group i'd's
3. if :- Conditionally perform a command
4. ifconfig :- Configure a network interface
5. ifdown :- Stop a network interface
6. ifup :- Start a network interface up
7. import :- Capture an X server screen and save the image to file
8. install :- Copy files and set attributes

(J)
1. jobs :- List active jobs
2. join :- Join lines on a command field

(K)
1. kill :- Stop a process from running
2. killall :- Kill processes by name

(L)
1. less :- Display output one screen at a time
2. let :- Perform arithmetic on shell variables
3. in :- Create a symbolic link to file
4. local :- Create Variables
5. locate :- Find files
6. logname :- Print current login name
7. logout :- Exit a login shell
8. look :- Display lines begining with a given string
9. lpc :- Line printer control program
10. lpr :- Offline print
11. lprint :- Print a file
12. lprintd :- Abort a file job
13. lprintq :- List the print queue
14. lprm :- Remove jobs from the print queue
15. ls :- list information about file (s)
16. lsof :- List open files

(M)
1. make :- Recompile a group of programs
2. man :- Help manual
3. mkdir :- Create new folder (s)
4. mkfifo :- Make FIFOs (named pipes)
5. mkisofs :- Create an hybrid ISO9660/JOLJET/HFS file system
6. mknod :- Make block or character special files
7. more :- Display output one screen at a time
8. mount :- Mount a file system
9. mtools :- Manipulate MS-DOS files
10. mtr :- network diagnostics (traceroute/ping)
11. mv :- move or rename files of directories
12. mmv :- Mass move and rename files

(N)
1. netstat :- Networking Information
2. nice :- Set the priority of a command or job
3. nl :- Number lines and write files
4. nohup :- Run a command immune to hangups
5. notify-send :- Send desktop notifications
6. nslookup :- Query internet name servers interactively

(O)
1. open :- Open a file in its default application
2. op :- Operator access

(P)
1. passwd :- Modify a user password
2. paste :- Merge lines of files
3. pathchk :- Check file name portability
4. ping :- Test a network connection
5. pkill :- Stop processes from running
6. popd :- Restore the previous value of the current directory
7. pr :- Prepare files for printing
8. printcap :- Printer capability database
9. printenv :- Print environment variables
10. printf :- Format and print data
11. ps :- Process status
12. pushd :- Save and then change the current directory
13. pwd :- Print working directory

(Q)
1. quota :- Display disk usage and Limits
2. quotacheck :- Scan a file system for disk usage
3. quotactl :- Set disk quotas

(R)
1. ram :- Ram disk device
2. rcp :- Copy files between two machines
3. read :- Read a line from standard input
4. readarray :- Read from stdin into an array variable
5. readonly :- Mark variables/functions as read only
6. reboot :- Reboot the system
7. rename :- Rename files
8. renice :- Alter priority of running processes
9. remsync :- Synchronize remote file via email
10. return :- Exit a shell function
11. rev :- Reverse lines of a file
12. rm :- Remove files
13. rmdir :- Remove folders
14. rsync :- Remote file copy  (Synchronize file tree)

(S)
1. screen :- Multiplex terminal, run remote shells via SSH
2. scp :- Secure copy (Remote file copy)
3. sidiff :- Merge two files interactively
4. sed :- Stream editor
5. select :- Accept keyboard input
6. seq :- Print numeric sequences
7. set :- Manipulate shell variable and functions
8. sftp :- Secure file transfer program
9. shift :- Shift positional parameters
10. shopt :- Shell options
11. shutdown :- Shutdown or restart linux
12. sleep :- Delay for a specified time
13. slocate :- Find files
14. sort :- Sort text files
15. source :- Run commands from a file
16. split :- Split a file into fixed-size pieces
17. ssh :- Secure shell client (remote login program)
18. strace :- Trace system calls and signals
19. su :- Substitute user identity
20. sudo :- Execute a command as another user
21. sum :- Print a checksum for a file
22. suspend :- Suspend execution of this shell
23. symlink :- Make a new name for a file
24. sync :- Synchronize data on disk with memory

(T)
1. tail :- Output the last part of file
2. tar :- Tape AChiver
3. tee :- Redirect out to multiple files
4. test :- Evaluate a condition exoression
5. time :- Measure program running time
6. times :- User and system time
7. touch :- Change the file timestamps
8. top :- List processes running on the system
9. traceroute :- Trace route to host
10. trap :- Run a command when a signal is set (bourne)
11. tr :- Translate, Squeeze, add/or delete characters
12. true :- Do nothing, successfully
13. tsort :- Topological sort
14. tty :- Print file name of terminal on stdin
15. type :- Describe a command

(U)
1. ulimit :- Limit user resources
2. umask :- Users file creation mask
3. umount :- Unmount a device
4. unalias :- Remove an alias
5. uname :- Print system information
6. unexpand :- Convert spaces to tabs
7. uniq :- Uniquify files
8. units :- Convert units from one scale to another
9. unset :- Remove variable or function names
10. unshar :- Unpact shell achive scripts
11. until :- Execute commands (until error)
12. uptime :- Show uptime
13. user add :- Create new user account
14. userdel :- Delete a user account
15. usermod :- Modify user account
16. users :- List users currently logged in
17. unencode :- Encode a binary file
18. undecode :- Decode a file created by unencode

(V)
1. v :- Verbosely list directory contents (ls-l-b)
2. vdir :- Verbosely list directory contents (ls-l-b)
3. vi :- Text Editor
4. vmstat :- Report virtual memory statistics

(W)
1. wait :- Wait for a process to complete
2. watch :- Execute/Display a program periodically
3. wc :- Print byte, word, and line counts
4. where is :- Search the user $path, man pages and source files for a program
5. which :- Search the users $path for a program file
6. while :- Execute commands
7. who :- Print all usernames currently logged in
8. whoami :- Print the current user id and name (id-un)
9. wget :- Retrive webpages or files via HTTP, HTTPS or FTP
10. write :- Send a message to another user

(X)
1. xargs :- Execute utility, passing constructed argument list (s)
2. xdg-open :- Open a file or url in the user's preferred application
3. yes :- Print a string until interrupted

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