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 ANDROID
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What is Android? 
Definition:- Android is a Mobile Platform. It's consist of three things called:-
1. Operating System ( OS )
2. Middle Ware
3. Key Applications

Example:- Mobile Phone
Mobile Phone contains of Two things:-
1. Software Component
2. Hardware Component

Software Component directly interacting with Hardware Component. The middle layer between those two is called Operating System ( OS ).

Operating System ( OS ) is the abstraction between Software Component and Hardware Component.

Operating System in Android Devices is Linux Kernal.

Responsibilities of OS?
1. Memory Management:- It manege's Deleting, Adding, making places, consuming place in the memory and ram.
Example:- If you have 8GB memory in your device and you have added a file of 2GB then it coves that and show the used and remaining of the memory and if you delete it it will also show that how must used and remaining in your memory.

2. Resource Management:- At a time we can perform multiple operations. It alocate's the resources to the each process.

3. Driver Management:- It manage Universal Serial Bus ( USB ), It manege's all the  port' given to use.

4. Power Management:- It manege's the power consumption and charging etc..

Components:-
1. The Android Applications ( or ) Software Component.

By using which programming language we can develop android applications?
You can develop android applications by using key languages like:-
1. Java
2. C
3. C++
4. .NET

But the Latest versions of android will support only for java from Marshmallow.

If your writing code of an android application with using Java you have to take support of Software Development Kit ( SDK ).

If your writing code of an android applications with using C/C++ you have to take support of Native Development Kit ( NDK ).

If your writing code of an android applications with using .NET you have to take support of Mono Android.

If your Writing code of an android applications with using Java you also need to import some Java Libraries and it also take help from another programming language is called native libraries for graphics, media etc.., because java does not create graphic so it interact with native libraries. ( OPENGLES ) is the one of the graphic library in native Libraries.

Application Frame Work:- This will provide all the ready made libraries to work directly with that component we need like location Components, Bluetooth component, wifi components etc...., instead of typing number of lines or huge amount of code of code. It provide every infrastructure for the application development.

Evolution of Android:-

S.No.
Version Number
Version Name
Released Date
1
1.0
Alpha
23 September 2008
2
1.1
Beta
9 February 2009
3
1.5
Cupcake
27 April 2009
4
1.6
Donut
15 September 2009
5
2.0
Eclair
26 October 2009
6
2.1
Eclair
26 October 2009
7
2.2
Froyo
20 May 2010
8
2.2.3
Froyo
20 May 2010
9
2.3
Ginger Bread
6 December 2010
10
2.3.7
Ginger Bread
December 2010
11
3.0
Honey Comb
22 February 2011
12
3.2.6
Honey Comb
22 February 2011
13
4.0
Ice Cream Sandwich
18 October 2011
14
4.0.4
Ice Cream Sandwich
18 October 2011
15
4.1
Jelly Bean
9 July 2012
16
4.3.1
Jelly Bean
9 July 2012
17
4.4
Kitkat
31 October 2013
18
4.4.4
Kitkat
31 October 2013
19
5.0
Lollipop
31 October 2013
20
5.1.1
Lollipop
14 November 2014
21
6.0
Marshmallow
14 November 2014
22
6.0.1
Marshmallow
14 November 2014
23
7.0
Nougat
22 August 2016
24
7.1.1
Nougat
5 December 2016
25
7.1.2
Nougat
5 December 2016
26
8.0
Oreo
21 August 2017
27
8.1
Oreo
21 August 2017
28
9.0
Pie
6 August 2019
29
10.0
Android 10
3 September 2019

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